Botswana is an African success story. After getting a democratic government in 1966, three of the world’s richest diamond formations were discovered within their borders. Today, the country enjoys a high level of economic stability, education and health care, which, with the exception of South Africa, is unparalleled in other parts of sub-Saharan Africa. However, modern appearance contrasts with the fact that much of it remains a country of the brave (not to mention relatively rich) traveler. This roadless wilderness largely of open spaces takes time, effort and above all, a lot of money to enjoy.
Landlocked Botswana extends 1,100 kilometers from north to south and 960 kilometers from east to west, making it roughly the same size as Kenya or France and a little smaller than Texas. Most of the country is at an average altitude of 1,000 meters, and consists of a vast and almost level sand-filled basin is characterized by scrub-covered sheets. The Kalahari Desert, a semiarid area of the valleys of sand, covering nearly 85% of the country, including entire regions of central and southwest. To the north of Botswana, the Okavango River flows from Namibia, and into the sands forming the Okavango Delta, accessible via Maun. With vast open plains teeming with wildlife, Botswana is truly Africa of your dreams. Because the Okavango Delta and Chobe River provide a supply of water throughout the year, almost all species of southern African mammals are present in the Moremi Wildlife Reserve and Chobe National Park. At Makgadikgadi and Breads Nxai National Park herds of wildebeest, zebra and other mammals migrate annually in search of permanent water and stable food supplies.
Small capital of Botswana, Gaborone (usually affectionately shortened to Gabs), is little more than a village suffering from growing pains hiking, monotony and lack of definition. It serves as a gateway to travelers arriving by land from South Africa and is a good supply stop before heading out to the national parks.