No place on earth compares to this vast white desert distilled at an elementary haiku: snow, ice, water, rock. Antarctica is just awesome. The enormity of its ice shelves and mountain ranges invariably heightens feelings of insignificance of humanity and the greatness of nature. Unique beauty of Antarctica can pursue for the rest of your days. Even the journey across the Southern Ocean is an experience – no mass, low pressure systems in a clockwise circle without restrictions, in time to reach incredible speeds. The Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic are often included in a trip to Antarctica
As the continent has never had a native population – even today, scientists and other staff members at the research stations are only temporary residents – Antarctic wildlife is still unafraid of people. Good resistance to general visitors, generate more than disinterested yawns from seals and penguins focused on raising their young and avoid predators. The human reaction is exactly the opposite: almost all visitors to Antarctica find their experiences here to exceed your expectations.
Everyone – scientific support worker, government official and tourists – who come to this, the most isolated continent has to “win” in Antarctica, either to make a trip to a flight often difficult or expensive. The ice and weather, no clocks or calendars, determine the route and timing of all trips here.
An international treaty signed by 46 countries representing the vast majority of the world, covers Antarctica. The continent, the parties to the treaty agree, is too big and important to belong to one country. They also agree that Antarctica, alone among the world’s land mass, it should remain a peaceful, free and demilitarized international cooperation and scientific research, open to all, with a minimum of human development.
Most urgent problem is the Antarctic environment and the best way to protect it. The main impacts on the Antarctic environment are caused by people who have not even visited. Climate change and ozone depletion are prime examples of how human activity affects another part of Antarctica. But studies have also found that particles of lead from gasoline combustion are drawn to Antarctica, as soon as one month after leaving the exhaust pipes in South America, Australia and New Zealand, and waste pesticides has been found in both marine and bird guano in penguin tissues. The plastic and other garbage washed on the beaches of Antarctica in increasing amounts.
Human activity in Antarctica is also having negative effects. Longline fishing for Patagonian toothfish has been a double environmental disaster. Toothfish are caught in enormous quantities and unsustainable, with much of the illegal catch, and albatross in their thousands are also caught in the hooks of steel, dragged hundreds of feet and drowned – The ignoble end for these magnificent flyers.
Despite continuing concerns that oil drillers and miners are ruined snowy landscape of Antarctica, the continent’s largest industry by far is tourism. While governments fret over how best to regulate tourism to minimize their impact, are hampered by the fact that, as no one owns Antarctica, no country can legislate behavior here. Meanwhile, tour companies of police, although the industry has not been completely successful in this task, as it is filled with conflicts of interest. For the love of Antarctica, the parties may use your best judgment on behalf of protecting the Antarctic environment, not just their own individual financial interests.